Every skin is different. There is 5 types of skin defined by the level of sebaceous secretion, hydratation and sensitivity level. Each one of us have its own specificities and require different cares. Knowing which type of skin you have can help you define your skin care routine to have a good looking and healthy skin on top of delaying signs of aging and emphazasing your best features.
Based on these characteristics, there are 5 different types of skin :
- normal skin
- dry skin
- oily skin
- combination skin (both dry and oily)
- sensitive skin
5 DIFFERNT TYPES OF SKIN
Normal skin is neither too dry nor too oily, it’s a well-balanced skin. It has a regular texture, a clear and smooth skin tone, no imperfections and a good blood circulation with a good appearance. Moreover it doesn’t require special care.
RECOMMENDATIONS : Although normal skin is free of skin concerns, people with normal skin should still maintain a skin care regime using cleansers, moisturisers and sunscreen as well as preventive skin care treatements.
Dry skin often lacks moisture and feels tight on the face. People with dry skin can notice flaking and peeling and can have a powdery look. The lack of hydration can be a result of genetics or environmental factors.
RECOMMENDATIONS : People with dry skin should avoid skin care products that have drying ingredients or strip the skin of sebum. They should also avoid hot showers, low air humidity and UV exposure. Therefore it is very important that they moisturise twice a day and look for emolient ingredients in their products (zinc oxide, mineral oil, glycerin, oilve oil and beeswax).
Oily skin has a porous, humid and bright appearance. It is caused by overactive sebaceous glands (excessive fat production) and this is usually determined by genetic or hormonal causes. Consequently, it can lead to breakouts or acne. People with oily skin tend to have larger pores.
RECOMMENDATIONS : Skin care products can also contribute to oily skin so it is important to choose good skin care products that are non comedogenic (they won’t clog the pores). Moreover, it is important to wash the face with a gentle cleanser, use water-based or gel-based products and incorporate ingredients like salicyclic acid and glycolic acid to deal with acne and treat it with medication (if there’s a presence of acne caused by the excess of sebum). It is very important not to overwash the face as it can lead to more oil prouction.
Combination skin is a mixture of dry and oily skin. The T-zone (nose, forehead and chin) is oily while the cheeks are dry. The oiliness and the dryness is caused by a non homogeneous distribution of sebaceous and sweat glands. There is an overproduction of sebum in the T-zone and a lack of production in the cheeks and even the eyes and the mouth.
RECOMMENDATIONS : As the T-zone can lead to acne concerns, people with combination skin requires different skin care regimes to treat the different skin regions and their specific conditions. To avoid over-stimulating the larger pores on the T-zone, people with combination skin should use a gentle cleanser in this area.